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Small/No Uterus

No room for the child, Still I want to be a mother, HOW?

Uterus or Womb is the place or room where starting from implantation, the growth of the fetus and finally the development of the baby takes place. What about the trauma of having a small uterus or no uterus at all. Hard to believe and even harder to accept the truth of not bearing a child for the whole life can ruin anybody's life. 

What is small Uterus and how it is diagnosed?

The average size of the female uterus is 7.5 cm long, 5cm wide and 2.5 inches deep. A small or Hypoplastic uterus is the result of incomplete development of uterus during birth. Some girls may develop small uterus due to high levels of Prolactin, a hormone released from the Pituitary gland if secreted in excess amount before or during puberty, or a chromosomal disorder like Turner's Syndrome. Affected women face problem in conceiving and miscarriage rate is quite high when they conceive by opting IVF technique. 

Müllerian agenesis, or Mayer–Rokitansky–Küster–Hauser syndrome (MRKH) is a congenital malformation which results in the failure of Mullerian duct development, hence leaving a female with missing uterus.

Females with small uterus usually have no periods, a condition known as Primary amenorrhea. Secondary sexual characteristics and normal ovarian function are preserved, however leading to problem in conceiving. There are many ways to diagnose a small uterus which includes 2D scan, 3D scan, MRI and Laparoscopy. 

Surrogacy  has come up as a boon for such couples where the female is having small or no uterus. Motherhood is possible by using own eggs, as ovaries do develop normally in such cases. Embryos are formed through IVF and placed in the healthy uterus of a surrogate, hence making the dream of having one's own child possible.

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